Munshi Premchand: Premchand is the first name in the history of Hindi that is remembered in the words of children more than adults. It is a different time to read stories of mother’s lullaby at birth and stories of Munshi Premchand when a little grown-up. In today’s biography full of such fun and information, we will know many things related to his life and will also understand which stories, novels, and literature he has written till date in his lifetime, so let’s start again.
Munshi Premchand is an Indian great writer, remembering whom many people still remember their childhood, how we have passed our childhood by reading the best stories like Hamid’s tongs and Godan.
Premchand received the title of ‘Novel Emperor’ in his lifetime. So far, he has composed 15 novels, more than 300 stories, 3 plays, 10 translations, 7 children’s books, and thousands of pages of articles, editorials, speeches, roles, letters, etc.
Hardly children, as well as young people of today, know that Munshi Premchand is not the real name of this writer, yes it is rightly said, in fact, the real name of Munshi Premchand is Dhanpat Rai Srivastava, but people do not know this.
Munshi Daya Narayan Nigam, the editor of the Urdu magazine Zamana, suggested him a new name “Premchand” for his Hindi literature.
The name of this writer of ours is Munshi Premchand by the Hindi novels and Hindi stories written by him, along with he is also known by another name and that second name was due to his stories and literature written in Urdu. Who is – Nawab Rai.
Munshi Premchand Bio
|Birth Date||31 July 1880|
|Birth Place||Lamhi, Banaras State|
|Death Date||8 October 1936|
|Death Place||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh|
|Education||BA in English Literature, Persian, and History|
|Profession||Storyteller, Novelist, Playwright, and Storyteller|
Early life of Munshi Premchand
Munshi Premchand was born as Dhanpat Rai Srivastava on 31 July 1880 in Lamhi, a village near Varanasi in a wealthy family to father Ajaib Lal and mother Anandi Devi. Premchand’s father Ajaib Lal worked as a post office clerk in Wahi Lamhi village and his mother was a homemaker. Premchand was the fourth child in his family, although his first two sisters died at the time of birth and the third one was Anandi Devi.
When Premchand was only eight years old, his mother died due to a long illness. After the death of his mother, Premchand and his elder sister were looked after by their grandmother, although the grandmother also left this world later.
In the olden times, girls were married at an early age, as a result of which their sister too soon married and went to her in-laws’ house and Premchand was left alone and lost his life due to the loss of his mother and sister.
Due to Premchand’s father being too busy with his work and not paying much attention to Premchand’s care, he married for Premchand’s sake so that he would not feel the absence of his mother, but he could not get that love and affection from his stepmother. who could meet his own mother.
Munshi Premchand Education
Premchand was very fond of reading since childhood, due to which he went on to become a famous litterateur and story writer. When he was only seven years old, he started his studies from a madrasa near his village Lamhi, he learned Urdu and Persian from a Maulvi of the madrasa.
At the age of only thirteen, he had completed his Tilism-e-Hoshruba. Tilism-e-Hoshruba is a series of short stories that a mother narrates to her children in childhood, although after the death of her mother, she also fulfilled her wish.
In the year 1898, he passed the matriculation examination from Queen’s College in Second Division. After passing the matriculation examination in 1898, he started working as a teacher in a local school. Along with the job, he continued his studies.
In the year 1910, he passed the Inter Examination with subjects like English, Philosophy, Persian, and History, and in the year 1919 he completed his B.A. with subjects like English, Persian, and History. a. Earned degree.
In 1919 he got his B.A. After receiving his degree, he was appointed as the Inspector of the Education Department. In the year 1921, on the orders of Mahatma Gandhi to leave the government job during the non-cooperation movement, Premchand resigned from the post of School Inspector on 23 June.
Munshi Premchand Family
|Father’s Name||Ajaib Lal|
|Mother’s Name||Anandi Devi|
|Wife’s Name||First Wife: He married a 15-year-old girl from a wealthy landlord family.|
Second wife: Shivrani Devi
|Children Name||Amrit Rai, Shripath Rai, and Kamla Devi|
Munshi Premchand Relationship
Munshi Premchand has done two marriages in his lifetime, which is like fighting Mahabharata for a man at that time with the people living in his society. His move was a very courageous one.
Shivrani Devi, a very famous author of Premchand’s death, wrote a book on him, titled (“Premchand in House”) i.e. Premchand Ghar Mein.
Munshi Premchand’s first marriage
He was married at the age of 15 while studying in Premchand’s ninth grade. Their marriage was arranged by his step-grandfather. The girl belonged to a wealthy landlord family and was older than Premchand, who did not find her to be quarrelsome and even more beautiful in appearance.
Premchand angrily scolded his wife when she unsuccessfully tried to commit suicide by hanging. Frustrated, she went to her father’s house and Premchand showed no interest in bringing her back.
Munshi Premchand’s second marriage
In the year 1906, Premchand married a child widow Shivrani Devi, who was the daughter of a zamindar of a village near Fatehpur. It was a bold move. Due to his second marriage, he had to listen to the taunts of the people of the society.
Munshi Premchand Famous Story
|ईदगाह||दो बैलों की कथा|
|आल्हा||इज्जत का खून|
|कप्तान साहब||कर्मों का फल|
|क़ातिल||गैरत की कटार|
|जेल||ठाकुर का कुआं|
|तांगेवाले की बड़||पूस की रात|
|नमक का दरोगा||सवा सेर गेहुँ|
Munshi Premchand Famous Novels
Munshi Premchand’s Famous plays
|करबला||प्रेम की वेदी|
Munshi Premchand’s Famous Essays
|कुछ विचार||कलम त्याग और तलवार|
Biography written by Premchand
|निबंध||कलम त्याग और तलवार|
Children’s book by Premchand
|जंगल की कहानियाँ||मनमोदक|
|कुत्ते की कहानी||राम चर्चा|
Munshi Premchand Death
After leaving Bombay, Premchand wanted to settle in Allahabad, where his sons Shripat Rai and Amrit Kumar Rai were studying. He also planned to publish Hans from there. However, due to his financial condition and poor health, he had to hand over Hans to an Indian literary advisor and go to Banaras.
Premchand was elected as the first president of the Progressive Writers’ Association in Lucknow in 1936. After several days of illness and while in office, he died on 8 October 1936.
Munshi Premchand Legacy
- Premchand was commemorated on 31 July 1980 by issuing a special 30-paise postage stamp by India Post
- The state government is repairing Premchand’s ancestral house in Lamhi. An institute has also been established in Lamhi to study his work. Munshi Premchand Mahavidyalaya in Siliguri has been named after him.
- On July 31, 2016, Google showed a Google Doodle to commemorate Premchand’s 136th birthday